ON-Lion Letter
For centuries, Islam and the West have been competing to define Turkish identity.  Decades of close cooperation between Turkey and its NATO allies generated Western confidence that Turkey was a reliable ally and that its democratic system was sufficiently resilient to weather periodic political crises.  But in recent years, those who have sought to soften the boundary between Islam and public life have become more organized and influential in Turkish politics.

In her new book Torn Country:  Turkey Between Secularism and Islamism, from Hoover Institution Press, Hudson Institute senior fellow Zeyno Baran examines the intense struggle between Turkey's secularists and Islamists in their most-recent battles over their country's destination.  Looking into the fate of both Turkey's secularism and its democratic experiment, she shows that, for all the flaws of its political journey, the modern Turkish state has managed to maintain an essential separation between religion and the political realm -- a separation that is now in jeopardy.

Baran is an associate scholar of Hudson's Center on Islam, Democracy and the Future of the Muslim World, which is substantially supported by Milwaukee's Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation.  She is also editor of The Other Muslims:  Moderate and Secular, from Palgrave Macmillan this year.
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