ON-Lion Letter

Revolutions, droughts, famines, invasions, wars, regicides -- the calamities of the mid-17th Century were not only unprecedented, they were agonizingly widespread.  A global crisis extended from England to Japan, and from the Russian Empire to sub-Saharan Africa.  North and South America, too, suffered turbulence.

In his Global Crisis:  War, Climate Change and Catastrophe in the Seventeenth Century, from Yale University Press, the distinguished historian Geoffrey Parker examines first-hand accounts of men and women throughout the world describing what they saw and suffered during a sequence of political, economic, and social crises that stretched from 1618 to the 1680s.  Parker also deploys scientific evidence concerning climate conditions of the period, and his use of 'natural' as well as 'human' archives transforms our understanding of the world crisis.

Changes in the prevailing weather patterns during the 1640s and 1650s -- longer and harsher winters, and cooler and wetter summers -- disrupted growing seasons, causing dearth, malnutrition, and disease, along with more deaths and fewer births, Parker shows.  Some contemporaries estimated that one-third of the world died, and much of the surviving historical evidence supports their pessimism.

Parker is the Andreas Dorpalen Professor of History at The Ohio State University and a Bradley Fellowship Program faculty nominator.

His demonstration of the link between climate change and worldwide catastrophe 350 years ago in Global Crisis, which Bradley Prize recipient George F. Will recently recommended, stands as an extraordinary historical achievement.  And the contemporary implications of Parker's study are equally important.

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