ON-Lion Letter

"The world looked very different 40 years ago when Congress forged the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA) that would be signed into law one year later, in December 1975, by President Ford," begins a July issue brief by Mark P. Mills from the Manhattan Institute for Policy Research's Center for Energy Policy and the Environment (CEPE).  "The Act was a matter of national urgency after the 1973 Arab oil embargo created domestic shortages, politically toxic lines at gasoline stations, and, practically overnight, pushed crude prices up some 400 percent."

Mills is a Manhattan Institute senior fellow.  Milwaukee's Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation substantially supports CEPE.

"Motivations for the [EPCA's] sweeping provisions to conserve and control energy markets were also fueled by the fact that, after nearly a century of unbridled growth in output from American oil fields, the half dozen years prior to 1975 saw, for the first time, a reversal and precipitous decline in U.S. crude production," Mills writes in "Prime the Pump:  The Case for Repealing America's Oil Export Ban."  "At the same time, domestic oil consumption continued its rise, leading to soaring imports—with the economic and geopolitical implications obvious to all. Given such conditions, it was understandable that the EPCA would also implement a ban on crude exports by American firms, driven, as it was, by concerns over import dependency and shortages.

"Now, nearly a half-century later, conditions have changed dramatically," according to Mills.  "The United States has emerged as the world’s fastest growing oil-producing nation, with the country’s import dependency disappearing no less fast.  What caused this permanent, secular shift in oil markets?  New technologies deployed by thousands of small and mid-sized businesses.  Yet current American oil policy -- a misguided mix of thinly veiled industrial planning and state control over a major segment of the U.S. economy -- remains locked in historical time warp.

"[T]he time has come to revoke the 40-year-old law’s ban on oil exports," he writes.  "Such action would open up world markets to all of the small, mid-sized, and large American oil companies (not merely the occasional few that win Washington’s regulatory lottery), unleashing yet more production, generating billions of dollars of tax revenues, creating millions more jobs, and reshaping global geopolitics."

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