ON-Lion Letter
Racial-preference policies first came on the national scene as a response to black poverty and alienation in America as dramatically revealed in the destructive urban riots of the late 1960s.  From the start, however, preference policies were controversial and were greeted by many, including many who had fought the good fight against segregation and Jim Crow to further a color-blind justice, with a sense of outrage and deep betrayal.  In the more than 40 years that preference policies have been with us, little has changed in terms of public opinion, as polls indicate that a majority of Americans continue to oppose such policies, often with great intensity.

In Encounter Books' new Wounds That Will Not Heal: Affirmative Action and Our Continuing Racial Divide, political theorist Russell K. Nieli surveys some of the more-important social-science research on racial preference policies over the past two decades, much of which, he shows, undermines the central claims of preference policy supporters.  The mere fact that preference policies have to be referred to through an elaborate system of euphemisms and code words -- "affirmative action," "diversity," "goals and timetables," "race-sensitive admissions" -- tells us something, Nieli argues, about their widespread unpopularity, their tendency to reinforce negative stereotypes about their intended beneficiaries, and their incompatibility with core principles of American justice.

Nieli a Senior Preceptor in the James Madison Program in American Ideals and Institutions at Princeton University, where he is also an adjunct lecturer.

Nieli concludes Wounds That Will Not Heal with an impassioned plea to refocus our public attention on the "truly disadvantaged" African-American population in our nation's urban centers -- the people for whom affirmative-action policies were initially instituted, but whose interests, Nieli charges, were soon forgotten as the fruits of the policies were hijacked by members of the black and Hispanic middle class.  Few will be able to read the book without at least questioning the wisdom of our current race-based preference regime, which Nieli analyses with a penetrating gaze and an eye for cant that will leave few unmoved.

Encounter Books is an activity of Encounter for Culture and Education, a nonprofit group that is substantially supported by The Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation in Milwaukee.  Bradley also supports Princeton's James Madison Program.
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