ON-Lion Letter
A May study from the Transatlantic Academy in Washington, D.C., reveals that severe market disruptions and violent conflict at the interstate and local level in many "hot spots" -- especially in Asia, Africa, and Latin America -- are increasingly likely unless the transatlantic community takes the lead in addressing the challenges of unprecedented global demand for a nexus of resources.

The Global Resource Nexus:  The Struggles for Land, Energy, Food, Water, and Minerals, a collaborative report by American and European fellows of the Transatlantic Academy, is the first international study that analyzes the nexus of challenges that arise from interconnections between five different key and interrelated resources -- energy, fresh water, food, minerals, and land.  More than any other factors, these five resources comprise the most-valuable ones in terms of international trade, are essential for human security, and will be the most likely to set off international conflict.

By looking at the interrelationship of these key resources, the study provides an integrated view and avoids the stovepiping of only looking at one resource in isolation from the others and demonstrates how changes in one resource effects the others.  

"Governments are currently making plans in the event of conflict with neighbors over access to resources and the expected growth in large-scale immigration," according to Transatlantic Academy executive director Stephen F. Szabo.  "A naval arms race is underway in the Indo-Pacific region as the littoral states engage in disputes, some violent, over offshore fishing and energy resources.  Ethiopia and Sudan want to build dams on the Nile to generate electricity, while Egypt has stated that if upstream countries interfere with the Nile it could be a casus belli.  Europe is concerned that the Arab uprisings in North Africa and the Middle East, sparked in part by rising food prices and political repression, will intensify migration.

"These are risks we cannot afford to ignore," Szabo continues, "and the Transatlantic Academy fellows in this study offer ways to strengthen Atlantic cooperation to help stave off some of these crises."

The Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation in Milwaukee substantially supports the Transatlantic Academy.
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